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Spells, Sorceresses and Magical Arts in Toledo

Spells, Sorceresses and Magical Arts in Toledo

Writing on women’s tits or ingesting semen in repulsive concoctions were part of the spells common in centuries past in Toledo. How were these ancient spells and potions? Who were the people who made use …

The teaching of magic in the Middle Ages in Toledo

The teaching of magic in the Middle Ages in Toledo

Julio Caro Baroja, anthropologist, historian and linguist nephew of the famous writer Pío Baroja, PhD in Ancient History at the University of Madrid, where he was a professor. Great traveller with long stays in the …

thermae

Thermae: the hidden Roman Toledo that still surprises

Toledo had a monumental importance in Roman times that is beyond any doubt: the great circus, aqueduct, a theatre, carriageways… Probably many Roman remains are still hidden under the current buildings, waiting for someone to …

Saint Teresa of Jesus and Toledo

Saint Teresa of Jesus and Toledo

Brief biographical notes of Santa Teresa de Jesús and her passage through the city of Toledo in the 16th century, by Carlos Dueñas Rey. ” Nothing disturbs you, nothing frightens you, everything passes, God does …

Photographs of Toledo 100 years ago and today

Photographs of Toledo 100 years ago and today

It is obvious that cities change a lot over the years. Toledo , thanks to its monumental character, has been photographed profusely since the appearance of the photographic technique, when cameras were not within the …

The Emperor's Organ. Toledo Cathedral

The Emperor’s Organ. Toledo Cathedral

Toledo Cathedral has a dozen or so organs, if I don’t leave any. They are the following: the General, the Echevarría, Verdalonga, the Mozarabic Chapel, the two of the Chapel of the New Kings, the …

The damascene or damascene of Toledo

The damascene or damascene of Toledo

Although the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans already used the craftsmanship of the ” Damasquinado” , it is in the city of Toledo where this decorative technique has reached the highest of fame and exquisiteness in …

Toledo in the War of Independence, 1808

Toledo in the War of Independence, 1808

2008 marks the bicentenary of the ” War of Independence” (1808-1814) against Napoleon Bonaparte and his armies. We join with this extensive article the initiatives that seek to recover the events that occurred in those …